Skip to main content

MinstryCPA Special Topic: Who is Qualified for Social Security Benefits?

Question:

I am nearing retirement age, and hoping to collect Social Security once I reach full retirement age (FRA). I have worked for a few years recently, but never had a full-time job before that. I have never been disabled. How will I know whether I have earned enough income subject to Social Security tax to collect benefits when I retire?

Answer:

In order to be eligible to receive Social Security benefits, you need to accumulate 40 work credits. According to the Social Security Administration, "In 2013, you receive one credit for each $1,160 of earnings, up to the maximum of four credits per year." Each year, the amount of earnings required for a credit is adjusted based on nationwide average earnings. An individual with 10 years of work, earning at least 4 quarters worth of the minimum income required per year, will earn 40 credits and be eligible for benefits.

While an individual cannot earn more credits above $4,640 in a year, the amount of benefits is based on full earnings for the year. Essentially, while higher income cannot lead to more than 4 credits, it will lead to higher benefits once an individual becomes eligible and begins to collect. As is the case with our other posts on the topic of Social Security, individuals who are disabled, survivors, dependent children, and others in special circumstances may fall under other guidelines. 

Source: Social Security: Retirement Benefits

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Housing Allowance and Form 1099-MISC Reporting

Question:

A church provides its minister a housing allowance, but for other purposes it believes that it must report the full amount of compensation (including the non-taxable housing allowance portion) on Form 1099-MISC (in order to demonstrate the full earnings of the minister). If the church reports his compensation,including the housing allowance, on Form 1099-MISC as taxable income, will he be able to deduct his housing expenses somewhere else on the Form 1040?

Answer:

This questions brings up a couple of issues. First, most ministers are properly classified as employees who receive Form W-2, not as independent contractors who receive Form 1099-MISC. On Form W-2, Box 1 for taxable compensation is reduced reflecting the church's designation of a portion of his pay as non-taxable. Then in Box 14, it typically reports as a memorandum item his additional non-taxable, housing allowance compensation. In the situation addressed in the question, this Form W-2 reporting may or may not a…

Review: Form 1099 Payments to 501(c)(3) Organizations

Question:

A church rented space from another church last year. Should it request a completed Form W-9 and issue Form 1099-MISC?

Answer:

We have written similar blog posts on this topic in the past (listed below), but we figured it was a good time for a review. 

Payments from one 501(c)(3) organization to another 501(c)(3) organization are not subject to Form 1099-MISC reporting. The 2015 Instructions for Form 1099-MISC state that "payments to a tax-exempt organization" are exempt from reporting a Form 1099-MISC. 

The following are typical examples of payments of $600 or more by a church which are subject to reporting a Form 1099-MISC:
Rent paid to an individual (non-corporation)Payments for services rendered by individuals who are not employees (e.g. janitorial service, facilities, snow removal, guest speakers)Support sent directly to missionariesHere are some similar blog posts that we have written in the past:

Form 1099 for Payments to Other Ministries
Form 1099 for Non-profit?
Fo…

Gifts Paid Out of Church Funds: Form 1099-MISC Requirements

Question:
 A church gave a wedding gift of $1000 to a couple who are church members. No goods or services were provided by the couple in exchange for the gift.  Is a Form 1099-MISC required? 
Answer: In the following answer, we assume that the couple are not employees of the church from whom the gift could not be viewed as compensation for their services. Also, the amount seems to be small enough to avoid any concerns of "private inurement."

Accordingly, no Form 1099-MISC is required. According to the 2017 IRS Instructions for Form 1099-MISC a Form 1099-MISC is only required for payment of goods or services. The requirements are as follows:
"File Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Income, for each person to whom you have paid during the year:  At least $10 in royalties (see the instructions for box 2) or broker payments in lieu of dividends or tax-exempt interest (see the instructions for box 8);  At least $600 in:  1. Rents (box 1);  2. Services performed by someone who is not your …